TMJ Syndrome


The Temporomandibular Joint

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the site where the upper jaw (maxilla) and lower jaw (mandible) meet. TMJ disorders are a group of complex problems with many possible causes. Symptoms of TMJ disorders include headache, pharmacy ear pain, dizziness, jaw pain, jaw tension and fullness or ringing in the ear.

The TMJ is the area directly in front of the ear on either side of the head where the upper jaw (maxilla) and lower jaw (mandible) meet. Within the TMJ, there are moving parts that allow the upper jaw to close on the lower jaw. This joint is a typical sliding “ball and socket” that has a disc sandwiched between it. The TMJ is used throughout the day to move the jaw, especially in biting and chewing, talking, and yawning. It is one of the most frequently used joints of the body.

The temporomandibular joints are complex and are composed of muscles, tendons, and bones. Each component contributes to the smooth operation of the TMJ. When the muscles are relaxed and balanced and both jaw joints open and close comfortably, we are able to talk, chew, or yawn without pain.

To locate the TMJ put a finger on the triangular structure in front of the ear (tragus). The finger is moved just slightly forward and pressed firmly while opening the jaw. The motion felt is from the TMJ. You can also feel the joint motion if you place a finger against the inside front part of the ear canal. These maneuvers can cause discomfort to a person who is experiencing TMJ difficulty, and therapists use them whilst making a diagnosis.

Causes of TMJ Disorders

TMJ disorders are a group of complex problems of the jaw joint. TMJ disorders are also sometimes referred to as myofacial pain dysfunction. Because muscles and joints work mobdro for iphone together a problem with either one can lead to stiffness, headaches, ear pain, bite problems (malocclusion), clicking sounds, or locked jaws and even grinding of the jaw (bruxism). The following are behaviors or conditions that can lead to TMJ disorders.

Common Symptoms of TMJ Disorders

  1. TMJ pain and TMJ disorders usually occur because of unbalanced activity, spasm, held stress or overuse of the jaw muscles. Symptoms tend to be chronic, and treatment must also aim to eliminate any precipitating factors. Many symptoms may not appear related to the TMJ itself. The following are common symptoms:
  2. Headache: Approximately 80% of clients with a TMJ disorder complain of headache, and 40% report facial pain. Pain is often made worse while opening and closing the jaw. Exposure to cold weather, drafts or air-condtioned air may increase muscle contraction and facial pain.
  3. Ear pain: About 50% of clients with a TMJ disorder have ear pain and no signs of infection. Clients are commonly treated multiple times for a presumed ear infection, which can often be distinguished from TMJ disorder by an associated hearing loss or ear drainage.
  4. Sounds: Grinding, crunching, or popping sounds, medically termed crepitus, are common or clients Testimonials with a TMJ disorder. These sounds may or may not be accompanied by pain.
  5. Dizziness: Of clients with a TMJ disorder, 40% report a vague sense of dizziness or imbalance (usually not a spinning type vertigo). The cause of this type of dizziness is not well understood.
  6. Fullness of the ear: About 33% of clients with a TMJ disorder describe muffled, clogged, or full ears. They may notice ear fullness and pain during airplane takeoffs and landings. These symptoms are usually caused by eustachian tube dysfunction, the structure responsible for the regulation of pressure in the middle ear. It is thought that clients with TMJ disorders have hyperactivity (spasms) of the muscles responsible for regulating the opening and closing of the eustachian tube.
  7. Ringing in the ear (tinnitus): For unknown reasons, 33% of clients with a TMJ disorder experience noise or ringing in the ears (tinnitus). Of those clients, half Weeks will have resolution of their tinnitus after successful treatment of their TMJ disorder.
  8. Trigeminal neuralgia: Can be related to the misalignment or spasm in and adjacent to the jaw joint, muscles, tendons and especially the nerves. The nervous system junctions at the TMJ joint and therefore any symptoms in the nerves can be relieved by correction to the alignment of Slate the TMJ joint.

Bowen Therapy is an excellent treatment choice for problems of the TMJ as it effectively relieves spasm and inflammation in the related muscles, tendons and nerves that are a response to stress, injury or misalignment. It effectively corrects any chronic joint misalignments by allowing the body to let-go stuck patterns of tension.

A research project on the application of Bowen Therapy on TMJ abnormality was started in Durango, Colorado by Dr. John Bauman, DDS. Assessment of massater tension by bio-feedback, measurement of bite and subjective symptoms were compared before and after treatment. Immediately after the 1st treatment 1/3 of clients felt dramatic relief in some of their symptoms and 20 out of the 22 clients showed significant improvement on the post bio-feedback assessment.

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